Opened by Dr. Tobias Miethaner, Head of Digital Society at BMDV. He hopes to end the traffic jams in Munich and Stuttgart, where they stand in vain for up to 60 hours a year, and is happy that there are so many new approaches in terms of ride pooling and logistics, that autonomy is increasingly no longer fair. For very short periods, routes with very small “vessel volumes” are often called, as modes of transport, in public transport.
Now it is planned to drive an independent airport from Munich to the city, which Mithaner initially did not expect. One notices in the procedures of the decree that very thick slabs are being drilled. Because that takes a while, since there is no self-traffic scheme:
“In many of the detailed questions we start from scratch”
In any case, it is important to think internationally. Conde Methaner also has no problem with the regulations that will take effect in a few weeks in 2022 which will be replaced by international law. The only thing that matters is that you are fast enough here in Germany and that you create the basic structure – because that’s how you define the framework.
Using data is an integral part of autonomous traffic and CO2 reduction, Methaner explains:
“Only in this way can the offers of mobility be made and the potentials taken advantage of.”
Enhancing the availability of government data is also important here: weather data is a big topic for many applications and, like many others, it is available for free. There will also be new platforms, but private data must also be provided – also free of charge. Only the third pillar is the circulation of private data: the mobility data space is, according to Methaner, a kind of “data warehouse”, which also becomes interesting in interaction with public transport.
The doctor showed what self-driving can look like in public. Frank Keck, Managing Director of ZF Mobility Solutions GmbH at ZF’s ATS (Autonomous Transportation System). It was originally developed as an airport shuttle bus and is now suitable for public roads. First in separate lanes as a “separate lane application”. The ATS can already be used today and well implemented in terms of safety, and the next step after that will be normal mixed traffic – on its own lane, so that one day it can flow on normal lanes.
Abandoned railways can be turned into independent pods
In this way communication in the countryside can also be improved. According to Keck, abandoned railroads can be revitalized and constructed inexpensively, there are actually many different applications. The Dutch company has more than 25 years of experience: since then, the availability of the system has become 99.7% over more than 100 million km, transporting more than 14 million people (now not only at airports). For the future, ZF plans the car without a safety agent at a speed of at least 40 km / h in urban areas, including the service network.
There are also two real laboratories for this purpose: in a new residential area being developed and in Friedrichshafen you are driving by road. According to Keck, end-customer orders are also increasingly expected to be served on campuses, clinic locations or large company buildings. Rivium Rotterdam plans to incorporate pods into mixed traffic over the next 2-3 years. Cake concluded with the words:
“Individual public transport is certainly facing far-reaching changes – but we don’t see autonomous buses as a competition, but as a complement to public transport in order to make new roads and transportation possible there.”
He was followed by Christoph Siegenmayer, head of communications at Volkswagen subsidiary MOIA. He stressed that the future scenario of having fewer cars provides many opportunities and that many cities and municipalities are thinking in exactly this direction. That’s why we always work with cities, because like ZF, it’s important that MOIA is seen as a complement to public transportation. The iconic design, created in this case by VW Commercial Vehicles, is useful here:
“Children call our vehicles a bumblebee – in gold, black, and steel hulls.”
Thousands of buses are needed in Hamburg to significantly reduce individual motorized traffic in cities
But Ziegenmeyer explains: Although we developed the car, we are a software company. There are applications for clients and drivers, behind which lies the core of MOIA, the algorithm that brings it all together. Each route can change in milliseconds when a new order comes in, or you won’t be far: you need a warehouse with shipping, service, fleet management and chauffeur options. Trials are currently underway with 250 vehicles in Hamburg and simulations are running to determine when private transport will significantly decrease. With realistic results, as Siegenmayer admits:
“What the city fathers wanted, a traffic shift with significantly less individual traffic, that only works with several thousand vehicles!”
Specifically in Hamburg: 5,000 MOIA vehicles! However, it is already interesting how this system works and drives change: recently, the typical share in the Ministry of Internal Affairs increased by 3%, another 5% in public transport, and individual traffic decreased by 8% accordingly! And it’s cheap: at 0.41 euros, a kilometer costs less than half what the customer pays per kilometer. Unfortunately the driver is the most expensive factor, apart from the fact that you can hardly find enough drivers for 250 units. If 5,000 vehicles are to run in two and a half shifts, you’ll need more.
According to Ziegenmeyer, self-driving is also important for other use cases, in order to connect rural areas and an area bordering a city, or send a vehicle for just two hours. and concludes:
“Self-driving is essential for surfing!”
The new AF Code is currently creating a framework for ride assembly. Further development is necessary now as it creates new opportunities for the industry.
He was followed by Dr. Gregor Stock, CEO and founder of Cito Transport Technologies GmbH, also a subsidiary of Volkswagen, is taking the topic of digitization to final delivery. The main focus here is on time-important transfers. By the way, it was established only in the fall of 2021. They currently employ 12 people, but they are growing strongly, the big task:
“We want to reshape the transportation market.”
Because, according to Stock, they follow ancient principles, which he illustrates using the example of an order for spare parts: e-mail or telephone leads to a loss of efficiency and lack of transparency in terms of price and quality, especially since the market for carriers is very fragmented: you call company A but they lead They don’t do the transfer at all, they pass it on to Company B which then mediates to C or even D and in case of doubt you don’t know who is doing the transfer. The transport partner itself is very far from the value chain, as Stock knows:
“A lot gets stuck in referrals where there’s really no added value, if I’m honest.”
That’s why a free platform was created for customers and transport partners implementing the three principles: simplicity, transparency and fairness. It is only sustainable if everyone benefits from it.
What inventory turns into user interfaces: They show the view to customers and transport partners. Everyone has an instant overview: from orientation to acceptance. The customer has instant contact with the transportation partner. Delivery works by traceability and traceability as with delivery and there are documents for both sides to simplify bookkeeping. Here, too, Stock addresses the shortage of skilled workers: “We don’t have that many transportation partners anymore.”
Important: Amendment to the Passenger Transport Law
At the end of the session, Dr. Ang said. Diploma – Kfm. Til Ackermann, Head of Economics and Business Development at VDV (Confederation of German Transport Companies), who was delighted to be the only public transport speaker at the technical conference. The modification to the PBFG envisions two forms: the (known) regular service needs to take everyone together – but the new combined service, also (partially) independent, is exciting. Ackerman finds:
“We are very satisfied with that, especially with autonomous driving between levels 4 and 5, so to speak, autonomous driving at level 4.5 between precisely defined areas and general free-flowing traffic, which perfectly matches public transport service areas! And that’s exactly what we need! !”
This can be implemented after April 8, 2022, including automation. The vision is similar to that of MOIA, but you still have a hierarchical network: divided, electric and independent, and also spatially separated: from the express train to the autonomous shuttle. Navigating within the platform helps with that.
Then Ackermann shows a map with many pink spots, which means: There is hardly any public transportation here. Especially in Eastern Bavaria, in Saxony, in Saarland and Mecklenburg-West Pomerania. Ackermann comments:
“Owning a car is not the future we should want.”
They also want to keep people in rural areas. But this would require a 60 percent increase in the bandwidth for on-demand traffic, which despite all the progress is very costly. In addition to technology costs, complex approval and acceptance switches and a high support switch are issues. According to Ackermann, only if you can cut all this in half will you see profitable and grounded business models here.
Hamburg: As of 2030, only 20% of the volume is by motorized private transport
Finally, Dr. Tina Wagner, Head of Traffic Development, Hamburg Traffic Office. The Hanseatic city also struggles with environmental and climate protection, population growth, land scarcity, and climate protection. 25% of Hamburg’s CO2 emissions are from traffic, and this must be significantly reduced and can only be achieved with a real change in mobility. From 2030, 80% of trips in Hamburg will be covered by the ecological network (on foot, by bike or by public transport) and 20% by motorized private transport. To do this, public transport must be significantly expanded. Plan: Within a 5 minute walk, public transportation should be available every 5 minutes. Of course, this requires on-demand traffic and a city with short distances. According to Wagner, this is more difficult in surrounding and suburban areas. However, the strategy of electrification, digitization and intelligent transportation systems is important.
She sees the compilation of rides as a showcase between individual and public transportation and wants to use it to bridge spatial and temporal gaps. The topic of the platform is important: with the HVV switch app you can book everything: bus tickets, Moia, scooters, etc. You are currently “very happy” with MOIA and you are very excited about future developments. Autonomous traffic is not that easy and will definitely be ‘ choppy’ at first when combined with regular traffic. The goal is to “get into a regular operation in a timely manner, especially for the first and last mile.”
what does that mean?
The session “Mobility and Transport as a Service – Autonomous Driving as a Means of New Business Models?” One of the most interesting, informative and comparative legislation with the current situation and views – from the perspective of service providers and municipalities.