Status: 05/05/2022 04:41 AM
Saarland was the first state in western Germany to introduce the G8 – the so-called Turbo Abi. Now back to the G9. What brings reform from reform?
Written by Julia Bearden, R
In her first government statement, Saarland’s new prime minister, Anke Rellinger, said they now want to right the wrong of the G8. In 2001, the Abitur was introduced in Saarland after 12th grade.
Young people must enter the labor market early and thus pay their Social Security contributions early. In this way the social security system in Germany should be liberalized. After the reform in Saarland, almost all the old federal states followed the G8, only the Rhineland-Palatinate remained with the G9.
The effects of the reform were realistic. Studies, including those by the German Institute for Economic Research, have shown that graduates of G8 secondary schools are less inclined to start studying immediately upon graduation. There are also more people staying seated. After all, Abitur grades can not be noted much worse.
The bottom line is that there are no significant differences between G8 and G9 high school graduates, summarizes educational researcher Olaf Köller of the Kiel Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education. But – and this coincides with criticism from many parents – the G8 students have significantly less free time.
Refix: Back to G9
Nationally, initiatives for fathers to return to the Big Nine have emerged. Growing public pressure against the so-called Turbo Abi. In the meantime, all the West German countries that had chosen the G8 at that time returned to the Group of 9 industrialized nations in whole or in part.
Bavaria, Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia all bid farewell to the entire G8. Freedom of choice is prevalent in Hesse, Baden-Württemberg and Schleswig-Holstein. There are grammar schools that lead to Abitur in eight or nine years and some of them have a parallel G8/G9 system.
According to educational researcher Koehler, much of the reform is expected. Returning to the Group of Nine was primarily a political decision, for example to gain votes before the elections. The price, however, is high: re-repair costs tens of millions.
Historically grown patchwork quilt
In the new federal and city states, the G8 is still used mainly in grammar schools. In Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Brandenburg, Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg, the Abitur is also offered after nine years in other school types.
The fact that East Germany is tilting toward the G8 and the West toward the G9 has grown historically. From the early 19th century to the Weimar Republic, the Group of Eight was dominant. When the German school system was radically reformed 100 years ago and a combined four-year primary school was introduced, the total school time until Abitur was extended to 13 years.
During the Nazi regime, it was shortened to twelve in order to attract an additional officer candidate class. At the end of World War II, the West German states continued the Weimar school system, which led to the emergence of Group Nine.
East Germany initially remained with the Group of Eight. After reunification, some states introduced the Abitur system nine years later, but reverted to the old system in the 2000s.
Moving on to the next school year
Saarland will start switching to group 9 after the summer break. The new 5th graders will again be a pure G9 group. This is a clear.
What is still missing is an understanding of how exactly the transition should be designed. Therefore, teachers’ unions and federations in particular, as well as state student representatives, consider reform to be hasty.
On the other hand, the Saarland Ministry of Education relies on a joint identification process in which, among other things, parents, principals and pupils participate. In any case, the schedule set by the Saarland State Government for this purpose is mathematical.