meIn mid-October, Italy will be the first country in the European Union to introduce the requirements for the General Corona certification for working life. According to the Cabinet decision issued on Thursday, employees and employees of companies and public administrations as well as in private companies must have a so-called Green Pass when they visit their workplaces from October 15. This passport proves vaccination with at least one dose, recovery from COVID-19 disease, or negative test result. In Germany, the obligation to obtain a Green Pass complies with the 3G rule, according to which only those who have been vaccinated, recovered or tested may enter the facility.
Anyone who goes to their workplace without a green pass will be fined between 400 and 1,000 euros. However, a notice of termination may not be issued due to a violation of the Green Pass obligation. Already, varyingly stringent accreditation requirements have been introduced in various occupational fields in recent months. The general obligation to immunize has been in effect for activities in the health and care sector since May. Those who have not been vaccinated must accept transfer to a work area without contacting the sick or in need of care or facing suspension of service without continued payment of wages if no alternative job is found. In the education sector, the green corridor has been mandatory for teachers and other staff since the beginning of the school year and the fall semester in September. Students must also obtain such a certificate.
‘more than is necessary’
With a general commitment to Green Pass for working life, Prime Minister Mario Draghi confirmed himself in the broad government coalition according to his guiding principle, which according to the principle of combating the epidemic and specifically against the fourth wave of infection, one must be. Willing to do “more than is necessary”. Draghi has announced the introduction of compulsory vaccination against the coronavirus for all residents over the age of 12 if the 90 per cent vaccination target is not achieved by the end of October. By Wednesday, nearly 76 percent of Italy’s population over the age of 12 had been fully vaccinated, and 82 percent had received at least one dose. According to government estimates in Rome, about 4.1 million workers do not yet have a Green Pass.
Until recently, there was resistance to the green traffic requirement in the workplace in the right-wing nationalist Lega under the leadership of former Interior Minister Matteo Salvini. “Although we also support protecting the health of citizens at work, we cannot extend the Green Pass commitment to 60 million Italians,” Salvini said. But even without a Lega vote, acceptance of Thursday’s Cabinet decision in both houses of Parliament is certain. In addition to Lega and unions, Giorgia Meloni’s post-fascist party “Brothers of Italy” also called for free tests for employees. “If the government introduces green permit requirements for public and private workplaces, it should ensure free rapid testing. These costs cannot be charged to workers or businesses,” said opposition leader Meloni.
However, Prime Minister Draghi refused to offer free tests in negotiations with union representatives, and instead the workers and employees involved should be vaccinated free of charge, provided there are no medical contraindications.
The Green Pass was originally developed as a QR code on mobile or as a paper certificate in the spring to facilitate travel within the European Union during the holiday season. In Italy, the green lane has also been used since the beginning of August as a pass to access museums, events, fitness studios and restaurant interiors. Since the beginning of September, the green lane must also be introduced on intercity buses, trains and ships.
There have been frequent protests across the country against restrictions on public life due to the pandemic, but there have been no mass mobilizations like France, for example. For about two months now, demonstrations against the Green Corridor have been taking place every Saturday in various large cities with a manageable number of participants. A large protest march is scheduled for September 25 in Rome. According to surveys, about four-fifths of Italians support the Green Corridor, and a similarly high percentage of the population will also agree to the introduction of compulsory vaccination.