Two and a half months after the invasion of Russian forces, Ukraine reduced shipments of Russian gas to Europe due to the war. No Russian gas has flowed westward since Wednesday morning through the fiercely fighting Luhansk region in eastern Ukraine, Ukrainian and Russian sources said.
She said that because of the Russian occupation, it became impossible to control the Sochranivka point and the Novopskov compressor station. The operator indicated the case of “force majeure”. Sukhranivka is part of the Soyuz pipeline that runs from Russia’s Orenburg region to Uzhhorod in Ukraine.
According to the authorities, this has not had any significant impact on Germany’s supply so far. Gas supply is stable in Germany. The Federal Network Agency said in its daily management report that security of supply remains assured.
Gas volumes arriving at Waidhaus, Bavaria, via Ukraine are down a good 25 percent compared to Tuesday as a result of lower transport. “These amounts are currently offset by higher inflows, mainly from Norway and the Netherlands,” the authority said. Nor has there been a significant increase in wholesale prices.
According to Economy Minister Robert Habeck (Greens), Ukraine is looking for new transportation routes for Russian gas to Western Europe. Habek said failure can be compensated for. Presumably this will also be the case during the summer.
“The question, of course, is what comes next.” If a third is lost in the long run, “of course that will be a challenge at some point.” He sees no reason to call for another phase of the gas contingency plan.
Initially, the Federal Ministry of Economy fell short of expectations. A spokeswoman confirmed that the security of supplies in Germany is currently guaranteed.
The filling levels of gas storage tanks are also currently increasing. These are currently 38.6 percent full. “What will happen tomorrow or a week later … it is still not clear,” the spokeswoman said. It is not yet possible to draw any conclusions for the future from the current development, nor is it possible to make predictions about price developments. Most Russian gas arrives in Germany anyway via another pipeline, Nord Stream 1.
Gazprom stresses delivery obligations
GTSOU data on Wednesday morning showed that for the westbound transit of the Soyuz pipeline, it accepted only requests from the Russian energy giant Gazprom, the Russian energy giant, to pump gas to a terminal on Russian soil.
Moscow news agencies also noted this information. Initially, there was no official notification from the Ukrainian side confirming that the partial transit halt had actually taken place.
Russia’s energy giant Gazprom has confirmed that less gas is passing through Ukraine towards Europe. “Gazprom will deliver 72 million cubic meters of Russian gas for transit through Ukraine on May 11,” Interfax news agency quoted company spokesman Sergei Kupriyanov as saying. The day before, the order volume was still 95.8 million cubic meters.
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Bookings for the transit of Russian gas via the main Sukhranivka route to Europe fell to zero on Wednesday morning. This arises from data from GTSOU.
Kupriyanov said it was technically not possible to direct shipments that no longer take place directly to the Sudcha point, which is on Russian territory near the border with Ukraine. b Compensation can be obtained via completely different methods, it was initially left open. The Russian energy company Gazprom has once again confirmed that it will fulfill all its obligations to European customers.
According to GTSOU, almost a third of the natural gas destined for Europe from Russia passes through Ukraine through Sukhranivka.
The Ukrainians pointed out that the Russians had recently disrupted the operation of the factories. On the other hand, Gazprom, which recently pumped nearly 100 million cubic meters of gas per day through Ukraine towards Europe, said it “has not received any confirmation of any force majeure circumstances.” Ukrainians have been working “undisturbed” at Sochranivka for the past few weeks.
The Russian attack significantly affects gas transportation
The maximum contractual capacity for transporting Ukrainian gas to Europe is 109 million cubic meters per day. However, the main route of Russian gas to Europe is the Nord Stream 1 Baltic Sea pipeline. According to Russian information, 60 billion cubic meters of gas annually pass through Nord Stream 1 to Europe.
A spokeswoman for the Federal Ministry of Economy has ruled out switching to the completed Nord Stream 2 pipeline, which was ultimately not commissioned. “Nord Stream 2 is already dead after the aggressive war of Russia against Ukraine, and now no one is thinking of switching to it.”
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Two and a half months after the start of the Russian aggressive war on Ukraine, Moscow announced, on Tuesday morning, that it had breached the administrative border of Luhansk with pro-Russian separatists.
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The head of Ukrainian energy provider Naftogaz, Yuriy Vitrenko, recently warned the German Liberation Network (RND) that the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine to Western Europe could be jeopardized if Russia continues its attacks on Ukrainian infrastructure.
Germany is highly dependent on Russian gas. Therefore, demands to ban gas, for example, are very controversial.
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According to the latest information from the Ministry of Economy, Germany’s dependence on Russian gas has decreased from 55 percent to about 35 percent since the start of the war. Accordingly, a gradual reduction to ten percent of gas consumption is possible by the summer of 2024.
In the upcoming warmer season, Germany will reduce gas consumption. However, the stores will have to be renewed for the upcoming winter. A new law stipulates minimum filling quantities on certain dates: 80 percent on October 1 of the year, 90 percent on November 1 and 40 percent on February 1. (AFP, Reuters)