Status: 11/05/2022 1:53 PM
In Germany, the number of births last year was more than 25 – yet the highest birth deficit has been recorded since 1945. Much more people died than they were born.
Last year, Germany experienced the highest birth deficit since the end of World War II. This was announced by the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB). The amazing thing is that this disability occurred even though the number of children born at the same time is over 25 years old. The number of births cannot compensate for the number of deaths.
Specifically, according to the report, nearly 796,000 newborns in 2021 faced more than one million deaths. This results in a shortfall of about 228,000.
Fifty straight deficit
It confirms this trend that has appeared in Germany for decades: the number of deaths outnumbers the number of births. The fiftieth consecutive birth deficit has already been recorded for 2021. The last birth surplus was recorded in 1971.
people grow up
According to the BiB, one of the main reasons for this trend is that people in Germany are getting older. The average age has been increasing in years. At the end of 2020, this was 44.6 years old. For comparison: more than a century ago (1910) the value was still 23.6 years.
The rise in life expectancy and the fact that the elderly are moving to a higher age has led to a rise in the number of elderly people. The report continues that even an increasing number of children cannot compensate for this.
Fewer would-be mothers
It is unlikely that the number of births will remain at a high level. According to the report, the number of prospective mothers is likely to decline over the next 20 years. The reason for this is that the smaller ’90s groups will then enter the ‘breeding phase’.
Corona strengthened the trend
The Corona virus is also a cause of renewed disability. Because the impact of corona deaths has reinforced the current trend. According to the Federal Institute, the consequences of the epidemic were not decisive.
In the last 50 years, 6.1 million people died more in Germany than were born. The fact that the population of Germany is still growing in general is due to the emigration of people from other countries. Statisticians estimate that in 2021 some 270,000 to 320,000 people emigrated more than immigrants.
For the year 2060, BiB scholars estimated the population of the Federal Republic at 67.6 million with less immigration and 76.5 million with more immigration. However, no major crises or wars were counted in this calculation.
At the end of 2021, about 83.2 million people were living in Germany. The current census starts on May 15.
The population has grown steadily over a long period of time: from 41 million in 1871 to 56 million around 1900 and then to 69 million in 1939.
In what is now Germany, the population exceeded 70 million for the first time in 1952 and 80 million for the first time in 1991. In the three decades since German unification, the population has increased slightly, except for the years 1998 and 2003 to 2010.
Education level is more important than population size
The population of this country has increased steadily over a long period of time, but last year it again decreased slightly for the first time. BiB forecast:
Germany is shrinking. sometimes.
There will also be a birth defect. At the same time, the Institute’s scientists note that the development potential of a country is determined not only by the absolute size of the population or birth rates. A key aspect is how well the people who live here are educated. So BiB director, Christa Katharina Spieß warned:
Given the birth deficit, it is critical to increase investment in education from the outset.