New excavations: the outskirts of Hithapu | NDR.de – News

Status: 05/17/2022 7:28 PM

Archaeologists have discovered traces of a Viking age settlement at Norderborough. They also discovered four older longhouses near Pripel.

by Per Axel Krewski

Construction projects around the Süderbrarup (Schleswig-Flensburg region) are especially attractive to archaeologists. The village’s Thorsberger Moor swamp is an archaeological hot spot in the area. A Germanic tribe may have drowned a number of weapons here as sacrificial animals in the 3rd and 4th centuries. Excavations began in the 1850s.

A new development area is now planned in Norderbrarup, and a large commercial area in the Priebel district. As usual, archaeologists are allowed to examine the areas in advance at the expense of later builders. The area in Pripel extends over several fields.

Drone searching for green wheat

In such fields, archaeologists usually examine soil features at ten-meter intervals, where, with a little luck, they come across suspicious structures. A drone, whose camera recorded a wheat field, also helped in Pripel. Exploration director Rolf Schulze explains, “If there was an old hole there, there would be less water available there. Then the grain would grow a little higher and a little longer at that point.” “Then you see the places where the dark green is roughly yellow and the light green.”

The dark land where Job was 1,600 years ago

Excavators are now excavating a field in Pripel. The top 50 centimeters were removed. When dark areas appear in the sand, Schulze becomes vigilant: “If a pit then fills up or if the shaft is pulled out of the ground due to the demolition of the house, the dark ground falls from above. And then it remains dark – over several centuries and millennia.”

Iron or Bronze Age cooking stones

The team has now accurately documented the locations of four tall houses in Pripel. The wood itself can hardly be made. It looks like a house burned down at that time. The radioactivity in coal reveals its age. It was from the fourth or fifth century. A little further out there is a fireplace that could have been older. The so-called cooking stones were heated in a fire and then water was brought to a boil in a pit. Schulze estimates that the remains may be 3,000 years old. It is not yet clear if there is a connection to the homes.

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The Hethapo settlement of the Vikings was the largest trading center in Northern Europe. The museum displays many original finds. more

For the first time a Viking age settlement was found in angels

The finds at Norderbrarup date back to the Viking era of the 10th and 11th centuries. Archaeologists have already discovered the features of at least nine purported excavation houses here. The buildings were incorporated into the ground and served as workshops, including for wool processing. For Stefanie Klooß of the State Archaeological Office, a gap in chronology is filled here: “We certainly have evidence of trade, crafts, and mineral discoveries notable from excavation houses, and we are at the same time as the great trading center of Hithabu, meaning: this is the settlement structure that must that one would expect in corners and also in many other places, but we had no evidence from excavations yet.” To date, only Viking age settlements are known near Hethapus in Shoppe and Cosell in Schwansen.

The colorful Nordbrarrop bird

The star among the finds of Norderborough is a brooch with the shape of a colorful bird that has been preserved. There were also metal hooks, a robe pin, and shards of pottery in the ground between the pit houses. It all goes back to before many churches were built in the area, the number of stone buildings increased and Christianization developed. Norderbrarup Church was also built around 1200.

At Norderbrarup, excavations are expected to be completed in early June. At Brebel, the team still has more time, maybe until next year.

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Field stones lie in a heap with a construction site fence in the background.  Behind him the Danewerk can be seen as a green wall.  © Peer-Axel Kroeske Photo: Peer-Axel Kroeske

Traders with livestock, goods and travelers had to pass through here: the largest excavation work at the SH World Heritage site would begin in 2022. More

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NDR 1 Wave North | News for Schleswig-Holstein | 05/17/2022 | 14:00

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