WPeople infected with monkeypox will have to self-isolate in Belgium for 21 days. The Belgian health authorities decided, on Friday, to limit the spread of the disease, the Belgian news magazine “The Brussels Times” reported. The incubation period should last between five days and three weeks.
However, the German Federal Ministry of Health expects an increase in monkeypox cases. “Because of the many contacts of those infected at the moment, more diseases are expected in Europe and also in Germany,” said a report by the Bundestag’s Health Committee.
As of Sunday afternoon, there are now four confirmed cases of infection and illness in Germany – one in Munich and three in Berlin. Samples from other people are illustrated. The contact persons will be selected.
“It is now an event with an international distribution,” says the ministry’s report available to dpa. In many countries, more than 130 confirmed and suspected cases have been detected, “and the trend is increasing every day”. To date, a West African monkeypox variant has been detected in infections found in Europe, but other genome analyzes are still ongoing.
In order to record potential diseases and prevent their spread, diagnosed infections should be systematically recorded and isolated. This must be reported by physicians and laboratories in accordance with the Infection Prevention Act.
The Argentine Ministry of Health also reported its first suspected case in the capital, Buenos Aires. So far, no cases have been recorded in Latin America. This is the first time that chains of infection have appeared outside African countries.
Symptoms are usually only mild, such as a fever
The Federal Ministry of Health explains that “smallpox vaccination may also protect against monkeypox”. In the Federal Republic it was mandatory for one-year-old children until 1975, in East Germany, compulsory vaccination was lifted in 1982. According to the report, the federal government has about 100 million doses of smallpox vaccine in stock. Of these, two million doses have been donated and stockpiled to the World Health Organization (WHO). The extent to which smallpox vaccination is recommended for contact persons and at-risk groups is still a subject of technical clarification.
The ministry refers to the risk assessment already published by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), according to which the risk to the health of the general population in Germany is considered low based on current knowledge.
According to health authorities, the virus usually causes only mild symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle aches and rash. However, monkeypox can also have acute courses, and in individual cases fatal diseases are possible.
Respiratory spread not detected
According to the RKI, the virus usually spreads in rodents and from there it is transmitted to humans. Human infection is more likely to occur through close physical contact or through so-called smear infection, that is, through contact with contaminated materials.
The World Health Organization is developing guidelines to contain the spread. The WHO’s senior adviser on infection risk, David Heymann, of Reuters, said there were concerns that the number of cases could continue to rise in the summer months. However, the outbreak of monkeypox is not comparable to the beginnings of the coronavirus pandemic because the disease is not easily transmitted.
The Argentine Ministry of Health has reported the first suspected case of monkeypox infection, which is actually limited to African countries, in the capital, Buenos Aires. On Sunday, the ministry said the symptoms would match those of monkeypox. The patient had recently returned from Spain, is in stable condition and is in isolation pending further examinations.